Title

EFFICACY OF SAFETY-RELATED INVESTMENTS TO REDUCE FATALITIES ON THE EAST JAPAN RAILWAY

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1999

Subject Area

operations - traffic, planning - safety/accidents, planning - safety/accidents, organisation - management, place - urban, mode - bus, mode - rail

Keywords

Vulnerability assessment, Traffic fatalities, Safety measures, Safety, Risk management, Risk assessment, Public safety, Passenger trains, Mathematical models, JR East, Investments, Investment requirements, Interurban transportation, Intercity transportation, Higashi Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudo Kabushiki Kaisha, Fatalities, Fatal accidents, East Japan Railway Company, Death

Abstract

In any organization there is a limit on the amount of resources that can be used for risk reduction. By examining strategies for reducing the risk of fatalities on the East Japan Railway (JR East), a framework in which risk-reduction resources can be used well is described. Basic principles of risk assessment are introduced. Various analyses and models to study collisions, earthquake effects, level-crossing accidents, and operating policies regarding natural hazards are presented. The concept of a global risk assessment of JR East is included. The question of perceived versus objective risk is discussed in the context of safety-related investment.