Title

SYNERGISMS AMONG LAND USE, TRANSIT, AND TRAVEL PRICING POLICIES

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1999

Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, ridership - forecasting, ridership - forecasting, ridership - demand, economics - pricing, mode - rail, mode - tram/light rail, mode - mass transit, mode - carpool

Keywords

Welfare economics, Vehicle miles of travel, Vehicle exhaust, Value pricing (Road pricing), Travel models (Travel demand), Travel demand, Travel behavior, Transit, Simulation, Scenarios, Road pricing, Public transit, Projections, Priority lanes, Mathematical models, Mass transit, Local transit, Light rail transit, Land use, HOV lanes, High occupancy vehicle lanes, Forecasting, Exhaust gases, Exhaust emissions, Diamond lanes, Computer simulation, Carpool lanes, Automobile exhaust

Abstract

A review of empirical studies of the effects of land use on travel behavior leads to the conclusion that increasing density and mix can decrease vehicle kilometers of travel. The authors' research project for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is outlined. Descriptions of the travel model used in the first phase of this research and of the emissions model and the traveler welfare model used in the study are given. The authors describe the six scenarios evaluated to date and the results of the simulations for the year 2015 for travel, emissions, and traveler welfare.