LOW-VOLUME ROADS AND THE GRADE CROSSING PROBLEM
operations - traffic, planning - safety/accidents, mode - rail
Warning devices, Visibility, United States, Traffic signs, signals and markings, Traffic signs and signals, Traffic control devices, Sight distance, Safety measures, Safety, Railroad grade crossings, Public safety, Night visibility, Low volume roads, Level crossings, Highway signs, signals and markings, Highway railroad grade crossings, Highway rail intersections, Grade crossings, Conspicuity
Summarized are problems associated with low-volume road (LVR) passive grade crossings, low-cost innovative devices that have been developed and tested to improve safety, policies, and programs that have been developed and promoted in the United States to enhance safety at LVR grade crossings, particularly at night. On the basis of safety studies and years of experience, conclusions and recommendations are presented to reduce drivers' risk at the typical passive, rail-highway grade crossing found on LVRs. Stressed are the two keys to reducing risk at LVR passive grade crossings: provide adequate sight distance and make the crossing and warning devices conspicuous, particularly at night.
Russell, E, Rys, M, Liu, L. (1999). LOW-VOLUME ROADS AND THE GRADE CROSSING PROBLEM. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1652, p. 79-85.