Title

NEW VEHICLE DATA BUS ARCHITECTURE AND IN-VEHICLE INFORMATION SYSTEM EVALUATION PLATFORM FOR INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS MODULES

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1998

Subject Area

operations - traffic, infrastructure - vehicle, planning - signage/information, planning - standards, economics - appraisal/evaluation, organisation - management, technology - intelligent transport systems, mode - bus

Keywords

Traffic information systems, Standards, RTI, Road transport informatics, Multiplexors, Multiplexers, Multiplex buses, IVHS, ITS (Intelligent transportation systems), Intelligent vehicle highway systems, Intelligent transportation systems, Information management, In vehicle communications, In vehicle advisory, Highway communications, Guided buses, Driver information systems, Driver communications, Data bus architecture, Computer architecture, ATT, Advanced transport telematics, Advanced driver information systems, ADIS

Abstract

An increasing number of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) after-market systems present a set of in-vehicle installation and use problems relatively unique in the history of automobile use. Many automobile manufacturers would like to offer these new state-of-the-art devices to customers, but are hampered by the current design cycle of new cars. While automobile manufacturers are indeed using multiplex buses [the automotive equivalent of a computer local area network (LAN)], problems remain because manufacturers are not converging on a single bus standard. A new dual-bus architecture to address these problems is presented with an in-vehicle information system (IVIS) research platform on which the principles embodied in the ITS data bus architecture can be evaluated. The dual-bus architecture has been embodied in a proposed Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standard, with support from both automobile and consumer electronics manufacturers. The architecture and a reference model for the interfaces and protocols of the new bus are presented and described. The goals of the ITS data bus are to be inexpensive and easy to install, and to provide for safe and secure functioning. These high-level goals are embodied in the proposed standard. The IVIS development platform comprises a number of personal computers (PCs) linked via ethernet LAN, with a high-end PC serving as the IVIS computer. In this LAN, actual devices can be inserted in place of the original PC that emulated them. This platform will serve as the development and test bed for an ITS data bus conformity test, the SAE standard for which is also being developed.