Title

JOB ACCESSIBILITY IN THE SAN JUAN METROPOLITAN REGION: IMPLICATIONS FOR RAIL TRANSIT BENEFIT ANALYSIS

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1998

Subject Area

planning - integration, ridership - disadvantage, economics - benefits, place - urban, mode - rail, mode - subway/metro

Keywords

Tren Urbano, Transportation modes, Transportation disadvantaged persons, Social benefits, San Juan (Puerto Rico), Regulatory policy, Rail transit, Poverty, Poor people, Policy, Policies, Modes, Low income groups, Low income families, Land use, Jobs, Integration, Integrated systems, Integrated control systems, Government policy, Employment, Economic benefits, Disadvantaged groups, Accessibility

Abstract

Public transportation investment is made primarily because of its potential social and economic benefits. Properly identifying and measuring these benefits has been the central concern in rail transit investment. The social aspects of the benefits, however, have not been well examined. In this research on the potential benefits of Tren Urbano (a new rail transit system proposed in San Juan, Puerto Rico), accessibility measures are utilized as a key analytical tool. An analysis of Tren Urbano's effects on employment accessibility in the region is presented. The results show that there is a need for lower-income workers to improve their accessibility to jobs. Tren Urbano will enhance employment accessibility at the regional level and for all income groups as well. The results also reveal spatial inequity in the distribution of the potential benefits, even though the eventual outcome will be dependent on the actual distribution of ridership. Efforts should be made to channel the potential benefits of transportation investment toward socially targeted populations. Integrating the rail system with other transit modes and formulating favorable land use policies are critical to enhance accessibility.