Evaluating Rail Transit Benefits: A Comment


Todd Litman

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

operations - traffic, land use - impacts, policy - congestion, economics - appraisal/evaluation, economics - benefits, place - urban, mode - rail


Urban transit, Traffic congestion, Rail transit, Gridlock (Traffic), Grade separations, Evaluation, Economic impacts, Economic analysis, Cost effectiveness


Several recent articles criticize urban rail transit investments on grounds that they are ineffective at reducing traffic congestion and financially wasteful. This commentary challenges that view. It summarizes some of the findings of more detailed analyses of transit benefits and suggests that there is abundant evidence that high quality, grade-separated transit does reduce urban traffic congestion, and that urban transit improvements can be cost effective investments when all economic impacts are considered.


Transport Policy Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0967070X