Title

ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF NEW INSIGHT INTO SUBSTITUTION (ADONIS) OF SHORT CAR TRIPS BY CYCLING AND WALKING

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2000

Subject Area

operations - traffic, infrastructure - stop, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, planning - safety/accidents, planning - marketing/promotion, ridership - mode choice, ridership - commuting, policy - parking, place - europe, mode - bus, mode - bike, mode - pedestrian, mode - pedestrian, mode - car

Keywords

Walking, Traffic law enforcement, Traffic calming, Stop (Public transportation), Speed control humps, Speed bumps, Safety measures, Safety, Road humps (Artificial), Public safety, Promotion, Pedestrians, Pedestrian safety, Parking places, Parking facilities, Parking areas, Mode choice, Modal shift, Modal choice, Lighting, Infrastructure, Incentives, Illumination, Europe, Disincentives, Cycling, Cost effectiveness, Choice of transportation, Car parks, Bus stops, Bicycling, Bicycles, Bicycle lanes, Bicycle facilities, Bicycle commuting, Automobile use, Automobile usage, Automobile travel, Accessibility

Abstract

The final report summary of the Analysis and Development of New Insight into Substitution (ADONIS) of short car trips by cycling and walking is now available. The objectives of the ADONIS project were to present a catalog of best practices for promoting cycling and walking that will compare and contrast cycle/pedestrian-minded and nonminded cities, to provide new knowledge regarding behavioral factors affecting modal choice for short trips in urban traffic, to increase cyclists' and pedestrians' safety through the identification of important human factors that may contribute to traffic accidents, and to provide a comprehensive overview with general recommendations and guidelines to promote walking and cycling for urban decision makers within the European Union. The project developed the following proposals: ensure that different amenities can easily be reached by foot; provide and maintain adequate lighting in public areas; improve home delivery services; introduce traffic calming; develop a road infrastructure that gives high priority to cyclists; provide bicycles at places of work; provide city bicycles free of charge; introduce call-a-car schemes and bicycle registration programs; increase the number of parking places for bicycles and decrease the number of parking spaces for cars; separate road users through the use of specifically painted bicycle lanes; use speed bumps and chicanes; enforce speed limits; move bus stops to intersections with high visibility; keep the road surface smooth; and use bicycle lamps and reflective items. Facilities must be cost effective, safe, and part of an integrated transport plan for cycling and walking.