Title

BUS AND COACH DEREGULATION AND PRIVATIZATION IN GREAT BRITAIN, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO SCOTLAND.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1998

Subject Area

mode - bus, organisation - privatisation, organisation - regulation

Keywords

Scotland, Regulations, Ownership, Intracity bus transportation, Bus transit

Abstract

Overall trends in the British local bus industry since deregulation in 1986 are described. While the outcome in Scotland is broadly comparable to that in the English shires and Wales in terms of the decline in passenger trips, and growth in bus-kilometres run, there is evidence of a substantially greater increase in average trip length. In comparison with the six Passenger Transport Executive systems in England, Strathclyde — which accounts for about half of all bus passengers in Scotland — exhibits a much lower rate of passenger decline. Reasons for these differences are examined. All but one major operator in Scotland are now in private ownership, but an initial phase of sale to management/employee buy-outs has been followed by rapid consolidation into larger groups, notably FirstGroup. Implications for competition are examined.

Rights

Permission to publish abstract given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.

Comments

Journal of Transport Geography home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09666923