Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOWNTOWN PARKING SUPPLY AND TRANSIT USE

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1996

Subject Area

operations - capacity, land use - planning, ridership - demand, policy - parking, place - cbd, mode - bus, mode - mass transit

Keywords

Transportation planning, Transit, Supply and demand, Supply, Studies, Ridership, Relationships, Public transit, Policy analysis, Patronage (Transit ridership), Parking studies, Parking capacity, Parking, Mass transit, Local transit, Downtowns, Demand, City centers, Central business districts

Abstract

Parking policies can complement an overall urban transportation strategy by influencing both transit use and ridesharing. This article presents a study of the downtown parking supply and transportation policies of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, in relation to other Canadian cities. The focus of the study is the relationship between downtown parking supply and transit use. In a study survey, a strong relationship is found between peak-period modal split to public transit and the supply of downtown parking. Specifically, the proportion of downtown commuters using public transportation is inversely proportional to the ratio of parking stalls per downtown employee.