Title

ESTIMATING PARKING ACCUMULATION DEMANDS AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1995

Subject Area

operations - capacity, operations - traffic, planning - safety/accidents, ridership - demand, policy - congestion, policy - parking, place - low density

Keywords

Traffic safety, Traffic congestion, Suburbs, Parking capacity, Parking, Models, Mathematical prediction, Mathematical models, Gridlock (Traffic), Elementary schools, Accessibility

Abstract

More elementary school children are being transported to and from school by automobile. In fact, so many parents are transporting children that traffic congestion occurs on the surrounding streets at school beginning and dismissal times, creating a "school rush hour." This article presents methods to estimate the parking demand during these peak periods. Elementary schools in typical post-World War II suburban neighborhoods were targeted, where transportation is limited to automobile or school bus. Investigators determined that vehicle accumulation at schools approximates the demand for parking space. School officials can reduce school traffic congestion and enhance traffic safety by providing adequate parking.