THE VALUE AND EFFECTS OF INTRODUCING HIGH STANDARD TRAIN AND BUS CONCEPTS IN BLEKINGE, SWEDEN.
mode - bus, mode - rail, ridership - mode choice
Railways, Railroads, Mode choice, Modal choice, Logits, Logit models, Choice of transportation, Bus lines
A set of improvements were introduced on a railway line in the south of Sweden in January 1992, including a new train concept, improved timetable and lower fares. The new train replaced a combination of old rail cars and standard coaches (bus). Furthermore, 18 months later, a new high comfort coach (bus) service was introduced as a complement to the train timetable to increase the number of departures. Forecasts from a national four-step model system, based on Revealed Preference data, which did not cover explanatory factors like mode concept, comfort, mode image, was made and compared with a forecast based on stated preference data choice model. Both type of forecasts were compared to travel statistics. Stated Preference data have been collected from car drivers, coach and train passengers. The set of improvements have been included in the SP alternatives presented to the subjects. A structured logit model, a regression model and a linear programming model are compared. Unstructured and structured logit models are compared. Logit models have been estimated and used to form a mode choice model which predicts the changes in market shares between the train and car. The choice model forecast coincide, accidentally, with actual demand 8–9 months after the introduction of the set of improvements (a 40% increase in journeys). The set of improvements, including the new train service, has proven to be a success with more than 100% increase in travel after only two years of operation. Differences in estimated logit models for 1991 and 1992 are explained as partly due to asymmetry effects and partly to shortcomings in the SP data collection technique. Logit model estimates for train and coach are compared. The value of high standard coach service, running in parallel to the train, is estimated. The new coach gained few new passengers and also a much lower monetary value than the train by both train and bus passengers.
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Kottenhoff, Karl, LINDH, CHRISTER, (1995). THE VALUE AND EFFECTS OF INTRODUCING HIGH STANDARD TRAIN AND BUS CONCEPTS IN BLEKINGE, SWEDEN., Transport Policy, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Pp. 235-241.