LONDON BUS TENDERING: A WELFARE BALANCE.
mode - bus, mode - mass transit, organisation - regulation
Transit, Public transit, Outsourcing, Mass transit, London (England), Local transit, Deregulation, Contracting out, Bus lines
Competitive tendering for bus services was introduced to London in 1984. Tendering has reduced costs in the London bus industry. In addition to this service quality has been improved. Various estimates of the net benefit attributable to tendering are provided. The highest estimated net benefit is 380 million.
Permission to publish abstract given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Kennedy, David, (1995) LONDON BUS TENDERING: A WELFARE BALANCE., Transport Policy, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Pp. 243-249.