DOWNTOWN CIRCULATION SYSTEM IN A MEDIUM-SIZE CITY: A CASE STUDY
operations - capacity, policy - parking, place - urban, place - cbd, mode - bus
Urban transportation, Service industries, Routing, Parking capacity, Parking, Intracity transportation, Intracity bus transportation, Economic conditions, Downtowns, City centers, Cities, Central business districts, Businesses, Bus transportation (Intracity), Bus transit, Accessibility
K-TownE Trolley, using buses designed to look like old-time electric trolleys, began downtown circulation service in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1986. The benefits expected from the service, which would complement the regular bus service, include increased utilization of peripheral parking facilities, and increased access to downtown businesses for CBD (central business district) workers. This article presents the findings of the evaluatory study of this downtown circulation system in a medium-size urban center during its first six months of operation. Routes, coverage, and service, parking utilization, and service utilization are discussed. It was found that the service has become a major transportation mode, increasing the mobility of downtown workers and visitors. The service operated reliably despite the highly fragmented and informal organizational structure that relied on contributed services.
Wegmann, F, Chatterjee, A, Welch, J, (1988) DOWNTOWN CIRCULATION SYSTEM IN A MEDIUM-SIZE CITY: A CASE STUDY, ITE Journal, Volume 58, Issue 11, p. 37-41.