Title

DOWNTOWN CIRCULATION SYSTEM IN A MEDIUM-SIZE CITY: A CASE STUDY

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1988

Subject Area

operations - capacity, policy - parking, place - urban, place - cbd, mode - bus

Keywords

Urban transportation, Service industries, Routing, Parking capacity, Parking, Intracity transportation, Intracity bus transportation, Economic conditions, Downtowns, City centers, Cities, Central business districts, Businesses, Bus transportation (Intracity), Bus transit, Accessibility

Abstract

K-TownE Trolley, using buses designed to look like old-time electric trolleys, began downtown circulation service in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1986. The benefits expected from the service, which would complement the regular bus service, include increased utilization of peripheral parking facilities, and increased access to downtown businesses for CBD (central business district) workers. This article presents the findings of the evaluatory study of this downtown circulation system in a medium-size urban center during its first six months of operation. Routes, coverage, and service, parking utilization, and service utilization are discussed. It was found that the service has become a major transportation mode, increasing the mobility of downtown workers and visitors. The service operated reliably despite the highly fragmented and informal organizational structure that relied on contributed services.