Title

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HIGH OCCUPANCY VEHICLE FACILITIES. A SUMMARY REPORT

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1988

Subject Area

operations - capacity, operations - traffic, infrastructure - vehicle, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - traffic signals, planning - safety/accidents, planning - standards, mode - bus

Keywords

Travel time, Transportation corridors, Traffic signs, Traffic signal priority systems, Traffic signal preemption, Traffic law enforcement, Traffic corridors, Traffic capacity, Support facilities, Striping, Standards, Safety measures, Safety, Public safety, Preemption (Traffic signals), Peak periods, Operations, Multiple occupancy vehicles, Measures of effectiveness, Journey time, Highway signs, Highway capacity, High occupancy vehicles, Effectiveness, Costs, Corridors (Transportation), Bus priority

Abstract

It is considered that in the proper environment, priority HOV lanes can be an effective means of increasing the person-movement capacity of a corridor. This article is the summary of a report of an evaluatory survey of the operation of HOV facilities. The report covers data relating to project descriptions, capital costs, reasons for implementing HOV projects, agencies responsible for operating HOV facilities, vehicles eligible to use the facilities, peak-hour and peak-period utilization, travel times, support facilities, operation and envorcement, safety and cross sections. The study found that the planning and operation of HOV facilities are beginning to achieve a sense of order, but that the process is not complete and many issues remain unresolved. The survey generated data sufficient to make conclusions on the following: support facilities, operations and enforcement, and safety. Unresolved issues such as standards for design, signing, striping and appropriate vehicle occupancy are also discussed.