Title

IMPROVING TRANSIT THROUGH TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1987

Subject Area

operations - capacity, operations - traffic, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, infrastructure - bus/tram lane, infrastructure - traffic signals, land use - planning, organisation - management, place - urban, mode - bus, mode - mass transit

Keywords

Vehicular traffic control, Urban transportation, Transportation planning, Transit, Traffic signals, Traffic signal priority systems, Traffic signal preemption, Traffic management (Traffic control), Traffic lights, Traffic control signals, Traffic capacity, Street traffic control, Ridership, Public transit, Preemption (Traffic signals), Patronage (Transit ridership), Mode share, Modal split, Measures of effectiveness, Mass transit, Local transit, Lay bys, Intracity transportation, Highway traffic signals, Highway traffic control, Highway capacity, Effectiveness, Bus priority, Bus lanes, Bus berths, Bus bays, Automobile use, Automobile usage, Automobile travel

Abstract

This article outlines, from the point of view of transit planning, the incorporation of transit considerations in overall transportation planning in the Halifax-Dartmouth area of Nova Scotia, Canada. The advantages of a high transit modal split that will reduce private automobile usage and increase effective highway capacity are considered, as well as the changes to physical roadways and traffic patterns to improve transit efficiency effectiveness, and ridership. Transit priority, bypass priority, queue jumps, exemptions, and special handling are discussed. The transit/auto interface and the addition of bus bays that have been constructed as part of new roadways and modifications to existing streets are noted. As traffic volumes and transit vehicle frequencies increase, priority treatment must be evaluated; signal system priorities to allow transit queue jumps, bus-only lanes, and other methods of special handling sould be assessed with regional growth.