Title

The relationship between segment-level built environment attributes and pedestrian activity around Bogota's BRT stations

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2009

Subject Area

operations - traffic, infrastructure - station, policy - environment, mode - bus, mode - bus rapid transit, mode - bus rapid transit, mode - pedestrian, mode - pedestrian

Keywords

Walking, Traffic free zones, Streets, Regression analysis, Regression, Pedestrians, Pedestrian trafficways, Pedestrian traffic, Pedestrian precinct, Pedestrian facilities, Pedestrian areas, Factor analysis, Design, City streets, Bus terminals, Bus stations, Bus rapid transit, Built environment, Bogota (Colombia), Auto free zones

Abstract

Few studies have examined the relationship between micro-scale features of the built environment and street segment usage. Micro-scale features of the built environment include the width of the sidewalk, the presence of amenities such as benches and trash bins, and the presence of crossing aids such as stoplights and crosswalks. This study employs segment-level primary data collected for 338 street segments in close proximity to one of 71 bus rapid transit stations in Bogotá, Colombia. We also use secondary data to control for area-level characteristics such as density, socio-economic stratum, unemployment, and crime. Factor and regression analyses are to use identify two dimensions of the built environment that are associated with higher levels of pedestrian activity: pedestrian-friendly amenities, comprised of wider and higher quality sidewalks and the presence of amenities such as benches, garbage cans, and bike paths; and connectivity, comprised of higher levels of road density, three- and four-way intersections, and density. In addition, we find greater pedestrian activity on segments with higher development intensity, with more mix of land uses, and with more crossing aids. Although the relationships identified are not causal, they are suggestive in terms of planning successful built environment interventions.

Comments

Transportation Research Part D Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13619209