Title

AN INTERNATIONAL URBAN AIR POLLUTION MODEL FOR THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2003

Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle, land use - planning, land use - urban sprawl, ridership - growth, place - urban, mode - subway/metro

Keywords

Worldwide, Weather and climate, Vehicle miles of travel, Vehicle exhaust, Urban travel, Urban transportation policy, Urban sprawl, Urban planning, Urban growth, Town planning, Pollutants, Metropolitan area planning, International, Exhaust gases, Exhaust emissions, Emissions, Community planning, City planning, Automobile exhaust, Air pollution, Air pollutants

Abstract

A linkage has been suggested between total vehicle travel and urbanized land area. A method of estimating urban vehicular pollution is provided, with vehicle kilometers of travel being used as a surrogate for vehicular emissions. These emission rates are incorporated with simple meteorological forcing, based on readily available climatological data, into a box model to provide a generalized air pollution model for the transportation sector within any city. Results are validated against published data. Findings from this model indicate direct air pollution abatement benefits from growth management plans that minimize urban spread and reinforce the wisdom of current policies toward more compact, public transit-oriented urban planning.

Comments

Transportation Research Part D Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13619209