UNCONVENTIONAL FUNDING OF URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
place - urban, mode - mass transit
Urban transit, Transit, Taxonomy, Public transit, Public opinion, Mass transit, Local transit, Government funding, Funding, Financing, Artificial intelligence
Government funding sources dedicated to public transportation are becoming increasingly limited, and so public authorities and transit operators are turning to alternate sources of funding. This paper reviews financial arrangements for public transportation and describes a taxonomy of various unconventional funding mechanisms that are outside the domain of charges for transit passengers or general taxation schemes. Classes of funding that are particularly successful for the financing of transit systems are identified. This cross-sectional analysis uses a type of artificial intelligence method (rough set analysis). The analysis suggests that the nature of the funding scheme and the degree of public acceptance have the highest positive impact on the level of success of unconventional funding mechanisms. Earmarked charging is identified as a particularly interesting option for funding local public transportation.
Ubbels, B, Nijkamp, P, (2002). UNCONVENTIONAL FUNDING OF URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 7, Issue 5, p. 317-329.