Title

A BEHAVIOURAL CHOICE MODEL FOR THE EVALUATION OF RAILWAY SUPPLY AND PRICING POLICIES

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2000

Subject Area

ridership - mode choice, ridership - behaviour, economics - pricing, economics - appraisal/evaluation, place - urban, mode - rail

Keywords

Urban transportation policy, Urban areas, Travel time, Travel by mode, Travel behavior, Simulation, Railroad travel, Railroad transportation, Rail transportation, Prices, Nested logit models, Mode choice, Modal choice, Journey time, Interurban transportation, Intercity transportation, Computer simulation, Choice of transportation, Choice models

Abstract

The simulation of modal choice for intercity trips has been carried out by several authors using a variety of different models. Traditionally, the problem has been treated by a static representation of the system, modeling transport services, such as rail or bus, as service lines with an approach similar to the urban transit services one. These models consider time-averaged attributes such as frequencies, travel times, and prices and allow to obtain average flows and revenues for each line, without any possibility to estimate values for single trains or buses. This approach does not seem to be the best simulation tool to support operational market-oriented decisions such as service schedule or time-varying price policies. This paper presents a choice model that can be used to simulate impacts of variations in medium-long distance railway service characteristics on user choice of service type, run, and class. The model, based on a nested-logit service/run/class/access-egress mode choice model, explicitly takes into account the desired departure time and related early/late schedule delay penalities.

Comments

Transportation Research Part A Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09658564