THE DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN BUS REGULATORY POLICY IN KOREA REVIEWED.
organisation - regulation, organisation - management, place - urban, mode - bus
South Korea, Management, Deregulation, Bus lines
The urban bus industry in Korea used to be controlled to provide stable transport services and enable operators to secure proper profits, but there were adverse effects within the industry such as inadequate business management and a downward spiral of low quality services resulting from lower fares. The government began easing restrictions on entry, operation, fares, and some conditions and procedures for licensing in the late 1980s, until in 1993, the government published a package of deregulatory measures that were considerably more drastic than those previously seen, such as freely adjusting the number of vehicles within 10%, easing the restrictions and requirements for operators' employing staff and drivers, and improving the fare system. However, these measures seem to have been introduced too late and too luke-warmly to encourage new entrants to the industry. Therefore, to gain the desirable effects of deregulation and to secure the development of the urban bus sector, there needs to be provision of a market atmosphere and greater scope for free competition; a positive attitude among operators for efficient business management and new services; and alert observation and monitoring by passengers.
KANG, YEONG-IL. (1995). THE DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN BUS REGULATORY POLICY IN KOREA REVIEWED. Transport Reviews, Vol. 15, Issue 4, Pp. 357-370.