The urban transport plan in lle-de-France: an evaluation after six years of implementation
economics - appraisal/evaluation, place - urban
In 1996, the French parliament voted a law concerning air quality and rational use of energy resources. This law obliged the Ile-de-France Region, as well as all areas with more than 100,000 inhabitants, to develop an Urban Transport Plan (PDU). The 1996 law laid down some general directions and guidelines for these plans. They should particularly take measures to reduce motor traffic and develop public transport and all other means of travel which are environmentally friendly like cycling or walking. The Ile-de-France plan (PDUIF) covers the whole area of the Region and all forms of transport and all reasons for travel. It was adopted in the year 2000. The aims of the PDUIF were to achieve within 5 years: - a 3% reduction in car traffic mainly within Paris and the inner suburbs - a 2% increase in the use of public transport particularly for home to work and home to school trips - a 10% increase in the proportion of walk trips under 1km and for home to school trips - a 100 % increase of the number of bicycle trips To achieve its aims, the PDUIF defined a global policy which was then set out for each level within the Region: metropolis, densely built-up areas, new towns and old town centres, and local neighbourhoods. This policy was based on a more efficient operation of existing transport networks and on a different division of public urban transport space and facilities. The PDUIF included more than 100 actions to reach its objectives. However, most of these actions were supposed to be organisational changes and only three types of actions had actually some specific funding. Committees were created to carry forward these actions. The Routes Committees define, for a selection of the main bus lines routes, the basic principles and priority actions for a better allocation of public space and improvement of buses speed and regularity. The Hubs Committees work on a selection of the major interchange hubs of the public transport network. The Locations Committees are made up of groups of “communes”. Their objective is to draw up and promote the PDU at local level and to implement the Local Transport Plans (PLD). The PDUIF was elaborated following the initiative of the State. Its implementation is currently managed both by STIF (the Public Transport Authority in the Ile-de-France region) and the Regional Council of Ile-de-France. Local authorities and public transport operators are of course involved in the process. After six years of implementation, it was decided to conduct an appraisal study of impacts of the PDUIF. The paper will address the different themes of this appraisal. - Is the actual evolution of mobility in the Ile-de-France region coherent with the objectives of the PDUIF? - What sort of impact had the projects designed by the routes, hubs and locations committees at a local level on the use of the different modes of transport? - How were implemented the actions that had no specific funding? - What was the impact of the choices made at the beginning of the plan for its governance? And how did it evolve over the time?
Debrincat, L., & Rascol, D. (2007). The urban transport plan in lle-de-France: an evaluation after six years of implementation. Paper from The Association for European Transport Conference held in Leeuwenhorst Conference Centre, The Netherlands on 17-19 October 2007.