Accessibility levels conferred by public transport in Madrid metropolitan area
mode - subway/metro
In recent years there has been a growing number of directives, regulations and ministerial plans which include accessibility as one of the basic objectives when evaluating different alternatives for transport infrastructure construction and management. An example is provided by the PPG13 transport planning directive, approved in the United Kingdom, which emphasises the need to ensure multi-modal access to different centres of attraction to reduce the use of private vehicles when approving urban development. To this end, authorities are encouraged to establish "accessibility profiles for public transport" in such a way that the zones which can meet the goals laid down in the directive can be determined". This is affecting the criteria used to determine the optimum location of new urban growth and the associated transport system. The ABC Plan initiated by the Netherlands Government follows similar lines. In this context, the present work is concerned with gathering together, selecting and calculating accessibility indexes provided by the public transport system in respect of the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA). It is divided into three sections: a) an analysis of the concept of accessibility and accessibility type, b) an analysis of the MMA and, c) calculation of the accessibility indices under the EMME2 model, representation in a geographical information system and an analysis of the results and conclusions.
Jadraque, D., & Caceres, A., & Pinto, C., & Duque, D. (1996). Accessibility levels conferred by public transport in Madrid metropolitan area. Paper from The Association for European Transport Conference held on 1 January 1996.