Solving procurement problems in public transport: Examining multi-principal roles in relation to effective control mechanisms


Lisa Hansson

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

economics - subsidy, mode - bus, organisation - governance, organisation - regulation, place - europe


public transport, public procurement, infringement, principal-agent, European Union


Despite the EU’s increasing role in regulating public transport procurement, few studies have considered this aspect when analysing procurement problems of public transport. This paper examines how the institutional relationships between different actors, including international governmental bodies, in public transport effects the possibility of exerting control over a county public transport authority (PTA) in a multi-principal setting. The analysis is carried out using empirical material from an infringement process including a Swedish PTA and the EU. The conclusions have clear policy implications for the procedural order when exerting control over the PTA in cases of procurement problems. It is for example shown, that the implementation process would be much more efficient if the regulations allowed the EU to impose sanctions directly towards the local authorities without having to involve the national government when the procurement laws are violated.


Permission to publish the abstract given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Research in Transportation Economics Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/07398859