Optimal timetable development for community shuttle network with metro stations

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - subway/metro, mode - community transport, operations - capacity, operations - scheduling


Timetable development, Community shuttle, Metro, Fleet size, Vehicle capacity


This paper investigates an issue for optimizing synchronized timetable for community shuttles linked with metro service. Considering a passenger arrival distribution, the problem is formulated to optimize timetables for multiple community shuttle routes, with the objective of minimizing passenger’s schedule delay cost and transfer cost. Two constraints, i.e., vehicle capacity and fleet size, are modeled in this paper. The first constraint is treated as soft, and the latter one is handled by a proposed timetable generating method. Two algorithms are employed to solve the problem, i.e., a genetic algorithm (GA) and a Frank–Wolfe algorithm combined with a heuristic algorithm of shifting departure times (FW-SDT). FW-SDT is an algorithm specially designed for this problem. The simulated and real-life examples confirm the feasibility of the two algorithms, and demonstrate that FW-SDT outperforms GA in both accuracy and effectiveness.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transportation Research Part C Home Page: