Title

Evaluation of Conditional Transit Signal Priority Technology for Regional Implementation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2015

Subject Area

mode - bus, mode - rail, place - north america, infrastructure - bus/tram priority, infrastructure - traffic signals, economics - benefits, technology - automatic vehicle monitoring, technology - emissions, infrastructure - interchange/transfer

Keywords

transit signal priority (TSP), bus corridor, travel time

Abstract

This research evaluated the implementation of transit signal priority (TSP) on a test corridor along International Drive in Orlando, Florida, to see whether the implementation was successful and justified expansion to a regional implementation of TSP for bus tie-ins to the new regional SunRail commuter rail in Central Florida. TSP is a technology that provides preferential treatment to buses at signalized intersections. This research demonstrated the effectiveness of TSP in improving bus corridor travel time in a simulated environment by using real-world data for the International Drive corridor. Evaluation was conducted with microsimulation to compare unconditional and conditional TSP with the no TSP scenario. This evaluation looked at performance metrics (for buses and all vehicles), including average speed profiles, average travel times, average number of stops, and crossing street delay. Different conditional TSP scenarios of activating TSP when a bus is 3 or 5 min behind schedule were considered. The simulation demonstrated that conditional TSP significantly improved bus travel times with little effect on crossing street delays. Unconditional TSP resulted in significant crossing street delays at some intersections with only minor improvement to bus travel time compared with both conditional TSP scenarios. The results also showed that using TSP technology reduced the environmental emissions in the International Drive corridor. With a benefit–cost ratio of 7.92 in the International Drive corridor, conditional TSP 3 min behind schedule was determined to be the most beneficial and practical TSP scenario for real-world implementation at corridor and regional levels.

Rights

Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Transportation Research Board, Washington, copyright remains with them.