Title

BUS RAPID TRANSIT: SYNTHESIS OF CASE STUDIES

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2003

Subject Area

operations - reliability, infrastructure - right of way, land use - impacts, land use - planning, mode - bus, mode - bus rapid transit

Keywords

Speed, Right of way (Land), Reliability, Public support, Planning, Markets, Impacts, Case studies, Bus rapid transit

Abstract

Bus rapid transit systems have grown in popularity in recent years. Spurred by federal initiatives, the spiraling cost of rail transit, and market realities, a growing number of cities have installed or are planning bus rapid transit (BRT). There is a synthesis of current experience, drawing on ongoing research conducted in a project for the Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). The nature of BRT is described; where it operates; key features, such as running ways, stations, vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, and service patterns; performance in ridership, travel times, and land development; and the emerging implications for new systems. It is important to match transit markets to rights-of-way; achieve benefits in speed, reliability, and identity; minimize adverse impacts to street traffic, property access, and pedestrians; and obtain community support throughout an open planning process.