Title

MEASURING UNMET NEEDS OF INTERCITY BUS TRANSPORTATION

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2003

Subject Area

place - urban, mode - bus

Keywords

Small towns, Needs assessment, Interurban transportation, Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, Intercity transportation, Intercity bus lines, Illinois, Federal aid

Abstract

Federal funding for intercity bus programs is available to states under Section 5311(f) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. The act requires that 15% of all federal funding for public transportation in nonurbanized areas be expended for intercity bus transportation, unless the state governor certifies that the intercity bus service needs are adequately met. A demand-supply-deficiency analysis was undertaken to assess whether intercity bus needs are being met in Illinois. The analysis indicates that some larger city-to-city routes could use additional service. In addition, many smaller urban places have no access to rail or bus service, especially in southern Illinois, and many of these have no Section 5311(f) recipients. Without state support for intercity bus programs, it is unlikely that people in these places will have access to such service in the foreseeable future.