Title

GEOMETRIC DESCRIPTORS OF ROAD SURFACE TEXTURE IN RELATION TO TIRE-ROAD NOISE

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2002

Subject Area

operations - traffic, infrastructure - vehicle, mode - rail

Keywords

Wheel rail interaction, Traffic noise, Tire pavement interface, Texture, Surface texture, Surface properties, Surface profile, Surface course (Pavements), Speed, Sound attenuation, Skid resistance, Rolling contact, Road surfaces, Motor vehicle noise, Microtexture, Highway noise, Geometric parameters, Correlation analysis, Correlation (Mathematics), Blanket course, Acoustic attenuation

Abstract

The paper deals with the determination of geometric parameters for studying the relationship between tire-road noise and texture of road surfaces. The approach was found to be an alternative to classical spectral analyses and numerical simulations of the tire-road contact. Texture parameters were derived from previous works at the Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chausses related to the influence of the microtexture of road surfaces on skid resistance. Use of these parameters was justified by consideration of generation mechanisms of rolling noise. Texture, rolling noise, and absorption measurements were performed on 12 road surfaces. The measuring devices and the test methods produced texture profile analyses, including the spectral and geometric approaches. Geometric parameters were defined. Correlation between the noise and texture spectra showed results similar to those published in previous works. Fair tendencies were found between the global noise level at 90 km/h and the geometric parameters. Unexpected results obtained on the porous asphalt surfaces were partially explained by the attenuation effect, which was quantified by means of existing models. Results from the correlation between the third-octave-band noise levels and the geometric parameters corroborated those of the spectral analyses.