Title

BUILT ENVIRONMENT AS DETERMINANT OF WALKING BEHAVIOR: ANALYZING NONWORK PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL IN PORTLAND, OREGON

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2001

Subject Area

operations - traffic, land use - transit oriented development, ridership - commuting, policy - environment, mode - pedestrian, mode - pedestrian

Keywords

Walking, Trip generation, Transit oriented development, Traffic generation, Portland (Oregon), Nonwork trips, Neighborhoods, Land use

Abstract

Much has been written about the connection between land use/urban form and transportation from the perspective of affecting automobile trip generation. This addresses only half the issue. The theoretical advances in land use-transportation relationships embodied in paradigms such as the jobs-housing balance, neotraditional design standards, and transit-oriented development rely very heavily on the generation of pedestrian traffic to realize their proposed benefits. The present analysis uses models and data sets similar to those used in previous work for the Portland, Oregon, area but applies them toward analysis of nonwork walking travel. The results suggest that regardless of the effects that land use has on individual nonwork walking trip generation, the impacts take place at the neighborhood level.