Investigation of the Policy Effect of High-Speed Metropolitan Rail Service in Seoul Through Latent Class Modeling Analysis of Stated Preference Survey

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - urban, place - asia, mode - rail, planning - surveys, land use - urban sprawl, ridership - behaviour, ridership - demand, ridership - modelling


planning and analysis, behavior analysis, mode choices, preference survey data analysis, public transportation, commuter rail


The sprawl of megacities is increasing the need to improve public transit services to cover longer distances in shorter times than current services. High-speed metropolitan rail services have been introduced to satisfy the needs of passengers and are expected to alleviate the transportation problems caused by urban sprawl. However, the effectiveness of public transit demand inducement policies, which have been employed in various ways in South Korea, has been questioned. Thus, agencies responsible for high-speed metropolitan rail services should also evaluate whether such policies will work properly. The achievement of the policy can be evaluated as sufficiently inducing the demand of the target group, and investigated through the residence information and the current travel behavior. This study investigates the current travel behavior of users to be replaced when a new high-speed metropolitan rail service is introduced and directly analyzes the travel mode shifting effect. While previous studies focused on increasing the applicability to general services by classifying groups based on personal attributes, this study focuses on evaluating detailed policy achievements for specific services. We apply a latent class modeling approach using stated preference survey data for group classification. In particular, by employing the user’s current travel behavior as a class membership attribute, the characteristics of potential passengers of the high-speed metropolitan rail service are analyzed. The estimation results suggest that current travel behavior significantly classifies high-speed rail passengers. In addition, the policy achievement was investigated in detail by region and operation time, and several additional policy directions are presented to satisfy the policy goals.


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