A study of influence zone for railway stations of different hierarchy in the Indian Railways: analyzing passenger travel patterns

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - rail, infrastructure - station, land use - impacts, land use - planning, planning - service improvement, ridership - demand


Railway station influence zone, univariate clustering, last mile connectivity, accessibility


The transportation planning of Indian Railways has become increasingly complex due to the growing population and increasing demand for mobility. To develop an efficient and effective last-mile transportation system, it is important to identify the extent of the influence zone of railway stations. This can guide policy decisions and infrastructure development. This research paper focuses on mapping the influence zones of 40 railway stations across the Northern Railway Division of India. It uses the travel length frequency distribution to analyze the distribution of passengers’ travel distances. The study shows that influence zones for railway stations vary significantly based on their hierarchy level. Higher-hierarchy stations tend to have larger and more dispersed influence zones, while those of lower-hierarchy stations tend to be smaller and more localized. The findings can be used to guide the expansion of existing stations and the improvement of transportation services. Overall, this study provides a valuable contribution to the field of transportation planning for Indian Railways. It demonstrates the importance of influence zone mapping in developing an efficient and effective transportation system.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.