KARLSRUHE 1975-1995: A CASE STUDY OF LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT
economics - finance, mode - rail, mode - tram/light rail
Ridership, Patronage (Transit ridership), Limitations, Light rail transit, Karlsruhe (Germany), Funding, Financing, Finance, Development, Case studies
The public transport system of Karlsruhe, Germany, in particular its innovative services on jointly used heavy rail lines, has received substantial attention throughout the last 2 decades. The discussion of the system and of its development was rather limited in the past, mostly highlighting technical aspects. An overview is provided of the development, including the urban development of the region, and of the funding system. The ridership and financial development of the operator is documented in detail. Case studies focus on the integration of the system development in the general political process of the region and demonstrate the limitations of the operator under its current ownership structures.
Brandl, P, Axhausen, K. (1998). KARLSRUHE 1975-1995: A CASE STUDY OF LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1623, p. 155-164.