MODAL INTEGRATION OF BUS AND CAR IN UK LOCAL TRANSPORT POLICY: THE CASE FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT.
mode - bus, mode - car, mode - park and ride, planning - integration, policy - environment, policy - parking
United Kingdom, Park and ride, Great Britain, Fringe parking
The number of short-range bus park and ride (P&R) schemes in the UK grew considerably during the 1990s and further increase is expected in the current decade. Over the same period, concerns about both the local and strategic environmental consequences also grew. The present paper argues that many of the outstanding concerns regarding P&R schemes reflect the fact that their effects are wider in both time and space than the scope of existing statutory planning assessments. Hence, the case for a more strategic approach to assessment is put. The application of such an approach is illustrated using two hypothetical variants of car–bus interchange. It is concluded that Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) would be more able to evaluate the wider environmental, social and economic sustainability of P&R proposals. In consequence, objections to P&R schemes would be more fairly assessed. Possible practical implications are identified: alternatives to P&R may be preferred more often by local authorities but, where P&R continues to be promoted, the interchanges are likely to be provided closer to users' origins, in order to maximise car traffic interception.
Permission to publish abstract given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
PARKHURST, GRAHAM, RICHARDSON, JEREMY. (2002). MODAL INTEGRATION OF BUS AND CAR IN UK LOCAL TRANSPORT POLICY: THE CASE FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT. Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 10, Issue 3, Pp. 195-206.