THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF POST-TRANSITION TRANSPORTATION POLICY IN HUNGARY
land use - planning, policy - sustainable, organisation - management, mode - rail, mode - mass transit
TSM, Transportation systems management, Transportation system management, Transportation planning, Transit, Sustainable development, Sustainability, Road transportation, Rehabilitation (Maintenance), Regional development, Railroad transportation, Rail transportation, Public transit, Post-industrial economy, Political factors, Political aspects, Mass transit, Maintenance and repair, Maintenance, Local transit, Hungary, Highway transportation, Employment, Economic policy, Capital investments, Automobile ownership
This paper reviews transportation system trends in Hungary since the transition in 1989. It documents the continuation of rapid increases in private motor vehicle ownership and use despite a major economic downturn. Sharp increases in new highway investments are contrasted against a growing backlog of unmet maintenance and rehabilitation needs in the road, rail, and public transit sectors. It then reviews recent political struggles over these policies, and the effectiveness of these policies in promoting employment, regional development, and a sustainable environment. It suggests that the dynamics of the post-industrial economy may have reduced the importance of highway sector investments relative to investments in human capital.
Hook, W. (1999). THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF POST-TRANSITION TRANSPORTATION POLICY IN HUNGARY. Transport Policy, Volume 6, Issue 4, p. 207-224.