Promoting Bike-and-Ride: The Dutch Experience


Karel Martens

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - station, planning - marketing/promotion, policy - parking, mode - bus, mode - rail, mode - subway/metro, mode - bike, mode - bike


Subway stations, Rental bicycles, Regulatory policy, Rail transit stations, Promotion, Policy, Policies, Netherlands, Multimodal transportation, Multimodal systems, Government policy, Bus terminals, Bus stations, Bike and ride, Bicycle usage, Bicycle travel, Bicycle storage, Bicycle parking, Bicycle lockers


The number of policy initiatives to promote the use of bike-and-ride, or the combined use of bicycle and public transport for one trip, has grown considerably over the past decade as part of the search for more sustainable transport solutions. This paper discusses the experiences with, and impacts of, such initiatives in the Netherlands. The Dutch measures to promote bicycle use in access trips have been generally successful. A country-wide program to upgrade regular and secure bicycle parking at train stations has led to an increase in user satisfaction and a growth in bicycles parked at stations. Smaller programs to stimulate the combined use of bike-and-bus have resulted in an increase in bicycle use, bus use, and share of infrequent bus passengers. Bicycle lockers at bus stops are hardly used by bus passengers, due in part to the dominance of students among bus users as well as the relatively high price of lockers in comparison to the value of bicycles used for access trips. Measures to promote the use of the bicycle in egress trips have met with more varying results. Projects to introduce leasing bicycles for egress trips have failed to attract passengers, for both train and bus services. In contrast, the introduction of flexible rental bicycles at train stations has resulted in a small reduction in car use, growth in train trips, and growth in bicycle use for non-recurrent trips. The Dutch experiences suggest some lessons for promoting bike-and-ride in countries and cities with a less well-developed bicycle infrastructure.


Transportation Research Part A Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09658564