Modelling the Full Costs of an Intermodal and Road Freight Transport Network


Milan Janic

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - environmental impact, land use - impacts, land use - planning, ridership - modelling, ridership - commuting, policy - environment, organisation - competition, organisation - management, place - europe


Transportation policy, Social costs, Road transportation, Networks, Intermodal transportation, Intermodal systems, Highway transportation, Freight transportation, Externalities, European Union, Europe, Environmental policy, Environmental planning, Environmental management, Environmental impacts, Environmental effects, Costs, Competition


This paper develops a model for calculating comparable combined internal and external costs of intermodal and road freight transport networks. Internal costs consist of the operational-private costs borne by the transport and intermodal terminal operators, and the time costs of goods tied in transit. The external costs include the costs of the impacts of both networks on society and the environment such as local and global air pollution, congestion, noise pollution, and traffic accidents. The model is applied to the simplified configurations of both networks using the inputs from the European freight transport system. The objective is to investigate some effects of European Union policy, which aims to internalise the external costs of transport, on the prospective competition between two networks from a social perspective.


Transportation Research Part D Home Page: