ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO TRAFFIC-RELATED FUMES DURING THE JOURNEY TO WORK
operations - traffic, ridership - commuting, mode - bike
Work trips, Traffic fumes, Pilot study, Pilot studies, Particulates, Journey to work, Fumes, Exposure (Human), Cyclists, Bicyclists, Bicycle riders, Benzene, Accident exposure
A pilot study was carried out to assess the levels of traffic related pollution individuals are exposed to while using different modes of transport on a typical journey to work. This was done during the daily trip to work, and compared train, bus, car and bicycle (the latter both on the road and on an exclusive cycle path). The project monitored for benzene and inhalable particulates in September and October 1996. The driver's exposure was on all occasions the highest for benzene and the first or second highest for particulates compared to the other modes. The cyclists on the path had in most cases the lowest or second lowest exposure to both pollutants. There was a daily variation in levels of pollution exposure which correlated with wind speed.
Kingham, S, Meaton, J, Sheard, A, Lawrenson, O, (1998). ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO TRAFFIC-RELATED FUMES DURING THE JOURNEY TO WORK. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 3, Issue 4, p. 271-274.