RADIAL AND NONRADIAL STATIC EFFICIENCY DECOMPOSITIONS: A FOCUS ON CONGESTION MEASUREMENT
operations - traffic, policy - congestion, place - urban, mode - bus
Urban transit, Traffic congestion, Multimodal transportation systems, Multimodal transportation, Multimodal systems, Intracity bus transportation, Gridlock (Traffic), Decomposition, Bus transit
The authors summarize and extend the existing frontier literature by outlining proper ways of decomposing efficiency using both radial and nonradial efficiency measures when using nonparametric, deterministic frontier models. This contribution relates to a recent paper of Viton (Transportation Research-B 31, 23-29, 1997) analyzing the efficiency of U.S. multi-mode bus transit systems. In particular, the author evaluates the technical efficiency, congestion and scale properties of these companies. Due to a methodological mistake he could not detect congestion in the sample. The authors' proposals remedy this problem and focus on the under-explored issue of proper congestion measurement in general and in transport in particular.
Dervaux, B, Kerstens, K, Vanden Eeckaut, P, (1998). RADIAL AND NONRADIAL STATIC EFFICIENCY DECOMPOSITIONS: A FOCUS ON CONGESTION MEASUREMENT. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Volume 32, Issue 5, p. 299-312.
Transportation Research Part B Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01912615