SIMULATION SUPPORT TOOL FOR REAL-TIME DISPATCHING CONTROL IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
planning - route design, mode - bus, mode - mass transit
Transit, Simulation, Real time operations, Real time control, Public transit, Mass transit, Local transit, Headways, Dispatching, Deviation (Statistics), Deviation, Computer simulation, Bus routes
In practice, punctuality of transit service has been a chronic operational problem mainly due to the random environment and very high complexity of the public transport processes. This challenging problem affects both travellers (reliability of service) as well as operators (productivity and efficiency of resources utilization). In this paper the simulation decision-support tool for dynamic optimal dispatching control purposes have been developed, with the use of the SIMULINK package with Toolboxes. The following optimal dispatching control problems have been solved: punctuality control (which compensates deviations from schedule), regularity control (which compensates deviations from regular headway) and synchronizing control with linear (LQ, dead-beat) feedback and control and system state constraints; LQG stochastic control with real-time estimation of the model parameters; and bus route zone control for synchronizing passenger transfers or the operation of different lines on common segments of the route.
Adamski, A, Turnau, A, (1998). SIMULATION SUPPORT TOOL FOR REAL-TIME DISPATCHING CONTROL IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 32, Issue 2, p. 73-87.