TRAVEL DEMAND AND THE 3DS: DENSITY, DIVERSITY, AND DESIGN
operations - traffic, land use - planning, land use - urban density, ridership - demand, place - urban, mode - pedestrian
Urban areas, Travel models (Travel demand), Travel demand, Traffic free zones, Pedestrian trafficways, Pedestrian precinct, Pedestrian facilities, Pedestrian areas, Neighborhoods, Land use planning, Density, Auto free zones
This paper examines the connection between the 3Ds of the built environment and travel demand. Notably, it tries to sort through the relative influences of the three dimensions after controlling for other explainers, like travellers' demographic characteristics. It does this mainly by applying the technique of factor analysis to gauge the relative influence of each dimension as well as their collective impacts. The paper tests the propositions of the new urbanists and others that compact neighborhoods, mixed land uses, and pedestrian-friendly designs 'degenerate' vehicle trips and encourage residents to walk, bike, or take transit as substitutes for automobile travel, particularly for non-work purposes.
Cervero, R, Kockelman, K, (1997). TRAVEL DEMAND AND THE 3DS: DENSITY, DIVERSITY, AND DESIGN. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 2, Issue 3, p. 199-219.