INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS: AN ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ASSESSMENT
operations - traffic, infrastructure - vehicle, planning - signage/information, land use - impacts, land use - planning, policy - environment, policy - congestion, organisation - management, technology - intelligent transport systems
Traffic congestion, RTI, Road transport informatics, IVHS, ITS (Intelligent transportation systems), Intelligent vehicle highway systems, Intelligent transportation systems, Intelligent transit systems, Gridlock (Traffic), Environmental policy, Environmental planning, Environmental management, Economic policy, Economic impacts, Automatic highway systems, Automated highway systems, ATT, ATIS, APTS, Advanced traveler information systems, Advanced transport telematics, Advanced public transportation systems
This paper discusses the congestion relief and environmental impacts expected of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) based on a qualitative assessment of the incentives generated. It uses theoretical and empirical results from the literature to evaluate the private and externality impacts of Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS), Automated Highway Systems (AHS) and Intelligent Transit Systems and discusses the appropriate role of the public sector in their development based on these impacts. It is argued that although ITS are intended to improve system efficiency, the technologies may, in fact, exacerbate the existing, economic inefficiencies in the surface transportation system and that policies to correct these inefficiencies become all the more crucial as we consider implementation of ITS.
Kanninen, B, (1996). INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS: AN ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ASSESSMENT. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 30, Issue 1, p. 1-10.
Transportation Research Part A Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09658564