POLICES TOWARD SUBURBAN RAIL SERVICES IN BRITAIN AND THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY : A COMPARISON
place - urban, place - low density, mode - rail
United Kingdom, Regulatory policy, Railroad commuter service, Policy, Policies, Great Britain, Government policy, Germany, Commuter rail
This paper compares the major role played by suburban rail (S-Bahn) systems in West German cities with the much more limited role of rail in the British conurbations. Clearly, the difference owes much to the institutional and financial arrangements in the two countries. In West Germany, large amounts of earmarked funds have been available for rail investment, whilst the Federal government has been willing to shoulder much of the burden of operating subsidies. The Verkehrsverbund has emerged as a highly effective way of coordinating fares and services without direct ownership of any mode of transport. By contrast in Britain funds for rail investment have been much more limited. Progress with integration has been far slower, and is threatened by current government policies regarding both bus deregulation and the abolition of the Metropolitan county councils. Whilst rail is firmly established in German cities, its future in Britain looks bleak.
NASH, C. (1985). POLICES TOWARD SUBURBAN RAIL SERVICES IN BRITAIN AND THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY : A COMPARISON. Transport Reviews, Volume 5, Issue 3, p. 269-282.