Some Insights into the Key Influences on Trip-Chaining Activity and Public Transport Use of Seniors and the Elderly

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - surveys, ridership - mode choice, ridership - demand, ridership - old people


Trip chaining, Travel surveys, Travel patterns, Travel models (Travel demand), Travel demand, Travel behavior, Sydney (Australia), Senior citizens, Older people, Old people, Nested logit models, Mode choice, Modal choice, Mobility, Elderly persons, Choice of transportation, Choice models, Aged, Accessibility


In this paper, the authors used a pooled (2002-2004) cross section of the Sydney Household Travel Survey, an annual continuous survey conducted since 1997, to investigate the current profile of trip-chaining travel activity of individuals over 64 years of age (i.e., seniors). A nested logit model is developed to investigate the choices made between 6 trip-chain categories, distinguished by complexity level and the primary mode--car as driver, car as passenger, and public transport. A benchmark setting for today not only establishes the way in which the elderly "cope" with the existing supply network and the available modal alternatives, given their needs, but also is useful in providing hints about what might be some emerging transport policy and planning challenges in the future given the aging of the population. The key influences on the trip chain and modal behavior of individuals over the age of 64, by gender, is currency of a driver's license, living with a partner, and the specific age range over 64 years. The loss of a driver's license and a partner have the potential to be major contributors to social isolation in the absence of inadequate flexible public transport and/or support mechanisms that enable access to the car as a passenger.