Transit Extraboard Management - Optimum Sizing & Strategies

Document Type


Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle, planning - service rationalisation, ridership - drivers, organisation - management, mode - bus


Bus drivers, Bus transit operations, Cost savings, Extraboards, Management, Transit operating agencies, Transit vehicle operations


The objective of this project is to summarize the process, and develop an application tool to aid small to mid-size transit agencies in managing their extraboard. The application tool is envisioned to work under an Excel environment to allow for easy data entry and model inputs. Additionally, the project will explore practices at the State and Agency level for operator work period rules and experiences. While transit agencies attempt to employ sufficient regular bus operators to provide scheduled service, they also employ operators to cover work assignments that are temporarily unfilled because of vacations, illness or absences, as well as insufficient manpower, attrition (retirements, etc), or for work that is unassignable/open in the course of normal labor practices. Extraboard operations may be generally defined as the process of utilizing available manpower to perform work assignments in accordance with labor agreement provisions and work rules to ensure the provision of scheduled transit service. The challenge is to assign manpower to open scheduled work, ensuring scheduled service delivery with minimum cost. Significant cost savings can result from proper extraboard management. Ineffective practices can increase payment of unscheduled premiums and for unproductive time. Opportunities exist to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of extraboard management.