Reducing the Visual Impact of Overhead Contact Systems
planning - standards
Reducing the Visual Impact of Overhead Contact Systems defines Overhead Contact Systems (OCSs) and describes the function of OCSs for trolleybus and light rail systems. The report describes nonintrusive and intrusive designs, considering the overall visual impact of those designs on intersections or street segments and the complete effect that hardware has in any given location. It discusses the influence system design has on visual impact including the need for emergency wire and the use of one-way operation to minimize visual impact in trolleybus systems. Further, it investigates how the turning capability in trolleybus and light rail OCS design may have an effect on visual impact. The report considers the effect of curve design and the design of the electrical distribution systems on the appearance of light rail. Reducing the Visual Impact of Overhead Contact Systems.
Permission to link to report given by TRB
Kulpa, J.S., Schwartz, A.D., & Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. (1995). Reducing the Visual Impact of Overhead Contact Systems. Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 7, published by Transportation Research Board, Washington.