Contribution to the design of the Athletes Bus Network during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games
land use - planning, mode - bus, ridership - commuting
olympic transport, bus operations planning, event transport
This paper describes important aspects of the design of the Athletes transportation system for the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. The unique characteristics of this network include the close dependence of the vehicle schedules on the competition and training program, the requirement for 100% service reliability, as well as the requirement for full system monitoring and control. In this paper we present methods for the development of service specifications, estimation of the bus fleet size, the design of the network’s organization and management system, and corresponding critical implementation issues. All these issues are relevant to the design and management of bus transport systems for large events.
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Minis, I., Keys, E., Athanasopoulos, T. (2006). Contribution to the design of the Athletes Bus Network during the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 40(9), 776-791.