Smart bicycles in an urban area: evaluation of a pilot scheme in London

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

economics - appraisal/evaluation, place - urban, mode - bike


Automated or smart bicycle systems are seen as a way to enhance mobility and provide a convenient access and egress mode for public transport. This article summarizes an evaluation of a pilot system that was introduced in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in August 2004. Underground and commuter rail stations, as well as a heavily-used bus network, serve this densely populated area of London. A survey of users was conducted and data were collected from actual use of the system. Analysis of these data provided some insights into the capabilities of these types of systems to enhance existing public transport services. In particular, it was found that the potential of the system lies primarily with the leisure and recreational market and with providing links to public transport stations. The pilot included “sponsored” nonpaying users who tended to use the system more for commuting and utilitarian trips.


Permission to publish the abstract given by the Journal of Public Transportation.