Exploring the willingness and ability to pay for paratransit in Bandung, Indonesia

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - paratransit


This article explores the willingness and ability to pay of the paratransit user. Paratransit (jitney) in this study refers to a public mode of transport of passengers that is owned and operated by private individuals or very small enterprises. The data were collected from a survey in Bandung, Indonesia, and analyzed using ordinal probit and binomial logistic regression. The findings illustrate a gap between the values of willingness and ability, and also reveal that people have different valuations regarding their related perceptions. The analysis explains the groups of users who have a tendency to assign a higher value, including the characteristics of users who agree with higher fare increments. This study also discusses the policy implications of this analysis.


Permission to publish the abstract given by the Jouranl of Public Transportation.