Mesoscopic simulation for transit operations

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, operations - frequency, operations - scheduling, place - asia, ridership - modelling


traffic simulation, transit operations, mesoscopic


This paper presents a transit simulation model designed to support evaluation of operations, planning and control, especially in the context of Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Examples of potential applications include frequency determination, evaluation of real-time control strategies for schedule maintenance and assessing the effects of vehicle scheduling on the level of service. Unlike most previous efforts in this area, the simulation model is built on a platform of a mesoscopic traffic simulation model, which allows modeling of the operation dynamics of large-scale transit systems taking into account the stochasticity due to interactions with road traffic. The capabilities of Mezzo as an evaluation tool of transit operations are demonstrated with an application to a real-world high-demand bus line in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area under various scenarios. The headway distributions at two stops are compared with field observations and show good consistency between simulated and observed data.


Permission to publish abstract has been given by Elsevier. Copyright remains with them.


Transportation Research Part C Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0968090X