Are Suburban TODs Over-Parked?

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - transit oriented development, policy - parking, place - north america


transit-oriented development, parking, lower car ownership rates


A survey of 31 multi-family housing complexes near rail stations in the San Francisco Bay Area and Portland, Oregon, show peak parking demand is 25-30 percent below supplies and, for most projects, falls below national standards. Peak parking demand is generally less for less expansive projects with short walking distances to rail stations that enjoy frequent peak-period services. Case study experiences suggest that well-designed, short and direct walking paths to rail stops lessen peak parking. A national survey of 80 U.S. cities with rail stations revealed that 75 percent have minimum TOD parking requirements that mandate more parking than suburban design standards and 39 percent grant variances for housing projects near rail stops.


Permission to publish abstracts has been given by the Journal of Public Transportation